The Global Food System under Radical Change
Gunhild Stordalen and Shenggen Fan
- Food is at the heart of reductions in global poverty and improvements in nutrition. Yet dysfunctional food systems also contribute to rising obesity and hunger and to environmental degradation.
- Radical global changes, including rising antiglobalism and emerging technologies, are creating new challenges and opportunities for progress.
- Addressing these global trends will be critical to ensure food systems can end hunger and malnutrition for all within environmental boundaries (climate, water, biodiversity, pollutants).
- Global integration of national food systems—through the flow of goods, investments, people, and knowledge—will be key to progress, but will require good governance and strong commitment from the international community.
- Encourage an open, efficient, and fair trading system, especially for agricultural goods, through reform of trade, domestic support, and investment policies to promote nutrition, health, inclusiveness, and environmental sustainability.
- Support rural development to break the vicious cycle of conflict, food insecurity, and migration and to improve the livelihoods and food security of refugees.
- Invest more in research and innovation for food systems to increase sustainability of production and processing, make healthy foods available, and improve employment opportunities.
- Promote evidence-based policy making to support government investments that are coherent across the food system, recognize trade-offs, and harness agriculture’s contribution to environmental sustainability.
- Promote cooperation and mutual learning among stakeholders and across sectors to accelerate progress toward ending hunger and malnutrition.
- Promote leadership and commitment for the SDGs at global, regional, and local levels to ensure follow-through on international commitments.
- Leverage new opportunities in emerging technologies and knowledge-sharing to maximize the benefits of sustainable food systems for all.